Flexible Self Defense and Thrusting Fingers
Wing Tsun is flexible. The apex of this is in the Thrusting Fingers form, Biu Tze.
WingTsun™ has just a few main few tools that can be applied infinitely to any self defense situation. That is one of the hallmarks of the system. In a real situation where you are forced to defend yourself, you do not have the option of using a fixed pattern technique learned by rote. An attack will not conform to the style of path practiced in the training hall. One must be able to adapt to the situation using sound principals. WingTsun is uniquely able to apply its concept to an attack.
There are principals in WingTsun that will get you out of a bad situation. A few of them are:
1. A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.
2. Do not clash forces with an attacker but yield and borrow his force.
3. Go forward with your counter attacks and keep the pressure on.
4. Defend and counter attack at the same time.
5. 100% of the weight on your back leg.
6. Hands take care of the upper body. Legs take care of the lower body.
7. Be mobile.
8. Guard your center-line.
Carrying the idea of flexibility further, WingTsun has something called ‘chi sau’ which is actually a drill called ‘sticky hands.’ Chi sau is a practice drill which enables a learner to feel his attacker’s movements by touch alone. The concept of chi sau is at the core of WingTsun and enables a practitioner to feel his opponent’s intentions through the sense of touch, usually but not limited to the sticking with an attacker at the wrist. Any attack while standing, sitting, or on the ground can instantly be felt and redirected, borrowed and countered as long as the defender has physical contact with his or her opponent.
A great many students do not take the time to learn the complete system up through the techniques of the third form, Biu Tze (thrusting fingers) and later, wooden dummy. This is a shame since Biu Tze techniques are the most flexible and economical. The Biu Tze techniques seem to defy the principals of the techniques of the earlier learning in the forms of Siu Nim Tau and Chum Kiu. The truth is that the Biu Tze techniques actually build on the previous movements and principals and do not replace them.
Even worse, many practitioners of other lineages miss the conceptual approach to the art and merely try to apply techniques. This is a great limitation to the scope of WingTsun concepts.